Частните училища в Кърджалийски регион (1919-1939 г. )

Мустафа Емурла

Страници: 557-581


The education of the children of Bulgarian subjects in the Kingdom of Bulgaria belonging to ethnic and religious communities other than the Bulgarian is held in public, private and foreign schools. The number of children belonging to the Bulgarian-Mohammedan and Turkish population in Bulgaria is predominant during the period under review. By number of schools and children covered, private Turkish schools in the Kardzhali region ranked first in the country. The status of private schools is determined by the Bulgarian educational legislation, in accordance with the international agreements of Bulgaria. According to Art. 55 of the Treaty of Neuilly, undertakes to enable minority children to study in primary schools in the own language. The implementation of this provision is not applied by the Bulgarian educational institutions in the country and the region. According to them, providing opportunities for further education of children in public schools requires more financial resources to support them than in private Turkish schools. The Ministry of National Education after the changes in the National Education Act in 1921. takes measures to increase teachers in Bulgarian language, Bulgarian history and geography in private Turkish schools. Due to the lack of teachers of Bulgarian language of Turkish origin, at the request of the Mustangli District School Inspectorate, teachers of Bulgarian origin are appointed. The tendency for increasing Bulgarian teachers in private Turkish schools is maintained during the period under review. Their appointment meets resistance from some Muslim clergy who attach greater importance to religious education and upbringing to maintain their influence among the local Turkish population. The management of BANU increases the financial support for private Turkish schools. After the military coup on June 9, 1923 there has been a change in the government’s educational policy towards private schools regarding the limitation of funding for Turkish private schools. The policy of reducing the financial costs of private Turkish schools continued to govern governments after the coup of May 19, 1934. Due to poor hygiene conditions, poor physical and educational background, lack of competent Turkish teachers, non-compliance with state education law, many private Turkish schools in the country and the region are closed.

Ключови думи:

status, transformation, masjid, madrasah, hodge teachers, students (soft), synchronization.


201 изтегляния от 9.6.2020 г.