The Balkans
“ST. CYRIL AND ST. METHODIUS” UNIVERSITY OF VELIKO TARNOVO - UNIVERSITY PRESS

The Status-quo: Antifascism/ Fascism the ”Radko” Case in BÜRM, 2000/2016


Authors:
Dimitrina Naneva

Pages: 442-451

Abstract:

Five European documents of different institutions (1996–2009), describe the transition’s rules in East- and Central Europe after 1989. Nevertheless R Macedonia (1992) continues to exist in the “antifascism-status-quo” shadow; its core is the ideology of Macedonism, i.e. the Serbiancommunist idea that the local population is by Slav-birth and is not a part of the Bulgarian nation. The “antifacism status-quo” is a creation of the Comintern (1919); its Balkans section adopts a resolution (1934) for the “Macedonian nation” invention; in September 1944 it is “built” a “Macedonian language”. So the Comintern internationalism ideology backs the Slav-Serbian position of the non-Bulgarian origin of the native-born population in Vardar Macedonia in practice. The undersigned Anticomintern pact (1936) between Germany and Italie ideologically traces the forthcoming war conflict. During the war (1941–1944) Bulgaria fulfils only administrative governance duties in Vardar Macedonia. At the end of 1944 under the Jugoslav communist party pressure (Comintern party member too!), it is enacted a special law (in a “Democratic Macedonia” – 1945!): the so-called “Macedonian national honour injury” law; the Bulgarians and the Albanians are proclaimed to be “fascist ocuppiers” of Vardar Macedonia.”Radko” is the one of the pseudonims of the last VMRO leader –Ivan Michailov and it is a NGO. It is founded in 2001 in Ohrid. Its aim is “to protect the Bulgarian national identity of the local population”. During 16 years and under the pretence of different judicial causes of Macedonian court at the different levels it is not registrated legally in R Macedonia. After three consecutive appeals by the “Radko” NGO to the European court of human rights in Strasbourg it is registrated finally on 6.October 2016 in R Macedonia.

Keywords:

Antifascism, fascism, Comintern, Esperanto, Radko.

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