СПИСАНИЕ "ЕПОХИ"
ВЕЛИКОТЪРНОВСКИ УНИВЕРСИТЕТ "СВ. СВ. КИРИЛ И МЕТОДИЙ" - УНИВЕРСИТЕТСКО ИЗДАТЕЛСТВО

Дипломатическото пратеничество на българската царица Мария при йерусалимския патриарх Григорий и египетския султан Байбарс І около 1276 г.


Автори:
Красимир Кръстев Софийски университет „Св. Климент Охридски“, България

Страници: 244-257
DOI: https://doi.org/10.54664/QFIQ7745

Резюме:


Around 1276, the Bulgarian empress Maria (1268/9–1279), the third wife of Emperor Constantine Tih Asen (1257–1277), sent envoys to the Mamluk Sultanate to negotiate with both the Jerusalem Patriarch Gregory (before 1274–1281, † before 1291) and Sultan Al-Malik az-Zahir Rukn ad-Din Baybars al-Bunduqdari (1260–1277). The delegation, which was headed by the cleric Joseph Katharos, aimed at the creation of an ecclesiastical and political alliance against the Byzantine Empire. This diplomatic move was carried out in response to the Union of Lyons concluded in 1274 between the Patriarchate of Constantinople and the Roman Church. The Eastern Patriarch supported the anti-Uniate policy of the Bulgarian Empire, but the attempt to build a military coalition with the Mamluks failed.


Ключови думи:

Empress Maria; diplomatic mission; Mamluk Sultanate; Palestine; Patriarch Gregory; Sultan Baybars I.

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