Journal Epohi
“ST. CYRIL AND ST. METHODIUS” UNIVERSITY OF VELIKO TARNOVO - UNIVERSITY PRESS

The Wars as Border Landmarks of The Modern Bulgarian History


Authors:
Petko Petkov St. Cyril and St. Methodius University of Veliko Tarnovo, Bulgaria

Pages: 172-185

Abstract:

The paper discusses wide accepted periodization of the modern Bulgarian history in which the wars are being used as border landmarks for beginning and end of different periods. Out of the six accepted boundary landmarks in the present periodization of our modern history from the beginning of the 18th until the middle of the 20th century, six are related to wars: the Russian-Turkish war of 1828–1829, the Crimean War of 1853–1856, the War of Liberation of 1877–1878, the wars of national unification of 1912–1918/19 and the Second World war which coincides with so called “September 9, 44, Socialist revolution”. The author brings forward arguments in confirmation but also reasons against some of the already accepted periodization border landmarks connected to the enumerated wars. If the chronological border landmarks are defined according to different essential criteria as for example economic development, political changes, culture change then the periodization should vary accordingly.

Keywords:

War, Periodization, Balkans, Modern History.

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