Journal Epohi
“ST. CYRIL AND ST. METHODIUS” UNIVERSITY OF VELIKO TARNOVO - UNIVERSITY PRESS

The medieval Bulgarian apocryphal Ruler and the collegia of khan and kaghan in the political practice of the First Bulgarian Empire. II. The khan / kan in the titulature system and the socio-political reality of the medieval Bulgarian society


Authors:
Stefan Yordanov St. Cyril and St. Methodius University of Veliko Tarnovo, Bulgaria

Pages: 65-80

Abstract:

The article analyzes the linguistic aspect of the titles which were born by the early medieval Bulgarian ruler and their role in the potestary-political system of the Fist Bulgarian Empire in regard to the recent discussions. The recent intepretations of the titles khan / kaghan and of the composite title kana su begi as Iranian by their linguistic aspect and linguistic appurtenance are still sub judice and without sufficient proofs. The explanation of K. Menges, known in Bulgarian literature thanks to Vesselin Beshevliev, of the title kana su begi as a phraseological word group of type of the so called izafet, still remains the most evidenced. The meaning of “khan – war leader” is well-founded by some specificities of the potestary-political system of the First Bulgarian Empire such as the so called Toelis-Tardush system and the dual kingship.

Keywords:

early medieval Bulgarian ruler, First Bulgarian Empire, khan / kaghan, kana su begi, Toelis-Tardush system, dual kingship, Vesselin Beshevliev, K. Menges

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