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“ST. CYRIL AND ST. METHODIUS” UNIVERSITY OF VELIKO TARNOVO - UNIVERSITY PRESS

Productive Patterns of Valence Variation in English and Bulgarian


Authors:
Svilen Stanchev St. Cyril and St. Methodius University of Veliko Tarnovo, Bulgaria

Pages: 236-245

Abstract:

It is conventional in traditional structural linguistics to assume that one verb may occur in different syntagmatic realizations, such as ‘He closed the door – The door closed’ or ‘She stopped the car – The car stopped’. Dik’s (1997) Functional Grammar postulates a differentiation between the semantic component of a verbal lexeme and its predicate frame. The latter may undergo variation in terms of reduction or extension without affecting the semantic core which remains unchanged. This paper outlines typical productive patterns of valence variation – predicate frame reduction or extension, in processes of verbal derivation in English and Bulgarian. The functional analysis applied here offers an innovative account and subsumes within one theoretical model a wide gamut of phenomena, such as structures with a ‘locative Object’, ‘free datives’ or the Bulgarian ‘dative of disposition’.

Keywords:

Functional Grammar, valence variation, predicate frame, reduction, extension, locative Object, dative

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