STUDIA PHILOLOGICA
“ST. CYRIL AND ST. METHODIUS” UNIVERSITY OF VELIKO TARNOVO - UNIVERSITY PRESS

Acoustic Characteristics of the Postalveolar Consonant in Bulgarian Language and Prepalatal Consonants in Romanian Language


Authors:
Vladislav Marinov “St. Cyril and St. Methodius” University of Veliko Tarnovo, Bulgaria

Pages: 255-264

Abstract:

Current study examines the articulatory and acoustic characteristics of the consonants in Bulgarian and Romanian languages which are articulated in front of the hard palate adjoined with the alveolar ridge. The spectral values of the consonants ш, ж, ч and Џ in the Bulgarian language and ş, j, č and ğ in the Romanian language are analyzed. Bulgarian consonants according to their place of articulation are considered to be postalveolar (palato- alveolar) consonants ʃ, ʒ, t͡ ʃ and d͡ ʒ, and the Romanian consonants are determined to be prepalatals (alveolo-palatal) ɕ, ʑ, ͡tɕ and d. The changed place of articulation affects the acoustic characteristics of the Romanian consonants, which are defined by Bulgarians to be softer than the Bulgarian consonants. In the spectrograms combinations of palato-alveolar / alveolo-palatal consonants + vocals are outlined characteristics that coincide with the peculiarities of the soft consonant + vocal combinations in the Bulgarian language.

Keywords:

palato-alveolars, alveolo-palatals, bilingualism, L2 phonetic acquisition

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