Journal Epohi
“ST. CYRIL AND ST. METHODIUS” UNIVERSITY OF VELIKO TARNOVO - UNIVERSITY PRESS

The Bulgarian Agricultural and Cooperative Bank and the Refugee Issue in Bulgaria at the End of World War II (September 1944 – April 1945)


Authors:
Yordan Mantarliev

Pages: 290-301

Abstract:

The article studies the activities of the Bulgarian Agricultural and Cooperative Bank (BZKB) after World War II, as „the largest banking institution in the economic sphere”, in collecting and reporting statistical data from refugees who in the period 1941–1944, had left for and settled in the so-called „newly liberated lands” in Greek and Yugoslav territory to devote themselves to peaceful and productive economic activities. At the end of World War II, however, when Greece and Yugoslavia re-established their authority in Western Thrace, Vardar Macedonia and the Western Bulgarian Outlands, Bulgaria once again became a refuge for thousands of its citizens full of suffering. The information collected in the branch offices of BZKB about the refugees’ abandoned movable and immovable property was used for the working out of the Bulgarian defence arguments produced at the Paris Peace Conference (July 29 – October 15, 1946) to counter the excessive and absurd Greek financial and territorial claims.

Keywords:

refugees, settlers, affidavit, World War II, the Paris Peace Conference of 1946, the Bulgarian Agricultural and Cooperative Bank.

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