TRANSMISSION OF ARYAN SOLAR RELIGIOUS CULT FROM IRAN INTO BULGARIA


Aleksandra Kumanova Nikola Kazanski Nikolay Vasilev Stoyan Denchev

Abstract:

In the spirit of the modern comparativistic reticular cognitology (Joseph Campbell and Mircea Eliade) is presented the general philosophical and information picture of the solar religious cult originated from Iran as a first monotheistic religion of the humanity – the Zoroastrianism and its sacred symbol the Fire. The solar and fire symbolism of Bulgarian folk tales (after the images of Sun, fire, blacksmith and wolf), the idylls of Petko Yu. Todorov and the fabulous stories of Nikolay Raynov is correlated to the solar code of the lion in the Madara Horseman, Iranian god Mithra and Zoroastrian god Ahura Mazda. Extraordinary similar solar and fire symbols have been found in the first Bulgarian capital Pliska, the Bulgarian (Kotel and Chiprovtsi) and Iranian folk costumes and rites (nestinarstvo). The sanctuaries and fire-temples could be traced all along Mesopotamian and Anatolian civilizations from Old Persia to Sassanid Iran. The very impressive artifacts was found in the Museum of the Anatolian Civilizations in Ankara, in Cappadocia (Karatepe-Aslantas), fire-rituals in Hierapolis-Kastabala, Hatay Archeological Museum in Antakya, Mithraistic symbols in the Istanbul Archeological Museum and the Museum of Mosaics of the Great Imperial Palace in Istanbul. All of them were directly connected to the Nestinar phenomenology in Strandzha Mountain: the fire-dance and its solar symbolic. There are testimonies in the Slavonic-Bulgarian History by St. Ft. Paisiy Hilendarski about the real name of the first Bulgarian khan. One of the emblematic fact is that the founder of the First Bulgarian state in 681 bore the Iranian Sassanid name (or title) “Asparukh” [prob. transl. “Bright Rider”]. This great patrology work poses the problems of the periodization of the history and of the semantized and presemantized transmissions of the hidden and tacit knowledge which have traces not only in the Christian, but also in the Islamic cultural traditions as well. According to the great Iranian philosopher and theosopher Suhravardi (Sheik al-Ishraq) and his doctrine of Ishraq (it means “the Light of Rising-Sun”) the key that opens the hidden meaning (etymologically the esoteric) is the tacit knowledge which derives from the pre-semantisation of the symbolic rites and ideas of the planetary cultural heritage. In this connection the Bulgarian-Iranian civilization interrelations have been always of crucial importance. As it is said by another Iranian wise man Molla Sadra Shirazi the “Oriental” knowledge is not a formal one but those which it reveals to itself as co-presences.

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