Journal Pedagogical Almanac

Code of Ethics







 The Editorial Board of the Pedagogical Almanac journal accepts and adheres to the principles of publication ethics, adopted by the international academic community and stated in the recommendations of the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) – a nonprofit organization whose mission is to determine the best practices in academic publication ethics and aid the editors and publishers in their adoption.

Everyone involved in the publication of the journal is expected to fulfill their duties in accordance with the principles of professional ethics in the following categories:

  1. Ethical Rules
  1. Guiding principles

The international editorial board of the Pedagogical Almanac journal demands that its authors should publish scientific texts which are:

  • Original developments, individual or in co-authorship delineating the contributions and responsibilities of the team members;
  • Developed without diverging from the fundamental values of the Constitution of the Republic of Bulgaria and without explicitly stated biased political positions;
  • Written with respect for the scientific achievements of the authors cited, by observing the highest standards of conducting discussions, using profound scientific arguments, without attacks or impolite tone to the researchers;
  • Designed according to the standards, adopted by the Pedagogical Almanac journal, concerning citations and references (see);
  • Submitted for publication only in the Pedagogical Almanac journal;
  • Accompanied by a written declaration by the author/authors that the development meets the requirements of this Code of Ethics, and can be published in the paper and electronic issue of the journal. The Declaration can be downloaded here.


Pedagogical Almanac is a fully open access journal, which means that all articles are available on the internet to all users immediately upon publication. Noncommercial use and distribution in any medium are permitted, provided the author and the journal are properly credited. Benefits of open access for authors include:  

  • Free access for all users worldwide;  
  • Authors retain copyright to their work;  
  • Increased visibility and readership;  
  • Rapid publication;   
  • No spatial constraints.


  1. Responsibilities and rights of the editors
  • The editor-in-chief and the two editors in charge, approved by the editorial board (called in short an editorial team) are directly responsible for each issue of the journal. 
  • The editor-in-chief and the editors in charge in their capacity of the authors, observe the following parameters:
  • 3:1 ratio between Bulgarian and foreign texts;
  • Quantity balance between the number of materials and the headings differentiated on the basis of professional fields, scientific specialities or thematic spheres.
  • The editorial team checks whether the summary and the entire text meet the requirements of section I § 1, Guiding Principles and the authors’ requirements. Within a week, a member of the editorial team informs the author/authors that the summary and the text are admitted to the following stages of the procedure (see Guidelines for authors), or lays down well-founded motives for refusal.
  • The text which has been admitted goes through the university’s electronic system for plagiarism. The text is not admitted to the following stages of the procedure if the coincidences exceed 10%, or if they are whole sentences/paragraphs/tables, as well as scientific statements of developments by the author or others which are not cited.
  • The editorial team selects, depending on the object and subject of each development, two members of the Board of independent anonymous reviewers who evaluate the material, meeting the deadlines, laid down in section ‘Procedure’ (see Guidelines for authors) and the terms of anonymous peer-review (see Peer-review).  
  • The editorial team approves the publication only of a scientific development which has achieved a unanimous positive evaluation by the two members of the Board of independent anonymous reviewers who are involved in its evaluation procedure.
  • The editor-in-chief has the right to submit to a referee the evaluation of the development which has been rejected by the reviewers if the author has detailed its qualities in a written objection.    
  • The editorial team does style editing and first proofreading of the texts, informing the author of their versions and corrections.
  • The editorial team launches the procedure for the acceptance of the materials for the upcoming issue chronologically, within the deadlines set which run from the date of submission of the summary, observing the first three points of this paragraph (Editors’ Responsibilities and Rights).
  • The editorial team has the right to redirect to the next issue a development if they have already reached that issue’s quota, as stipulated by point two of this paragraph (Editors’ Responsibilities and Rights). 
  • The International Editorial Board does not provide information about unpublished works to a third party.


  1. Reviewers’ Responsibilities and Rights

The reviewers are bound to:

  • Express their independent and objective opinion in favour of or against the publication of the development submitted within the deadline;
  • Assist in enhancing the quality of the development, making, if necessary, recommendations for content, structure and/or style editing;
  • Keep the confidentiality of each piece of information, related to the manuscript;
  • To inform in due course the editorial board about material already published or proposed for publication by another publisher, with content similar to the that proposed for reviewing in the Pedagogical Almanac journal.

The Reviewers are entitled:

  • To be informed by the editor-in-chief about any possible conflict of interests (financial, institutional, between colleagues, or other kinds of dependence between an author and reviewer);
  • To withdraw from the process of reviewing a manuscript, if they decide that they cannot fulfil their duties, or if they think that their rights have been infringed.


  1. Authors’ Responsibilities and Rights

The authors are bound:

  • To abide by the terms of section I § 1, Guiding principles of the present Ethical Rules, as well as the procedure and the standard for structuring the materials (see Guidelines for authors);  
  • To be responsible for the originality and scientific contributions of their publications;
  • To respect the responsibilities and rights of the editorial team (see section I § 2);
  • To declare any potential conflict of interests which can be considered as having an illegal impact on the publication process.

The authors are entitled:

  • To withdraw from publication a development within no more than one month after the date of its submission to the editorial board; 
  • To receive periodical information about the process of acceptance, editing and reviewing of the material proposed;
  • After getting acquainted with the respective work files, submitted by the editor-in-chief, the authors should express their opinion, and propose changes concerning:
  • The title of the heading in which their development is placed;
  • Structuring the author’s data in Bulgarian and English.


  1. Publisher’s responsibilities (Publishing House of St. Cyril and St. Methodius University of Veliko Turnovo)
  • All submitted manuscripts are subjected to a plagiarism check with PlagScan. The plagiarism check is performed in accordance with the rules adopted by the University of Veliko Tarnovo.
  • Carries out prepress of each issue, including final editing and proofreading of the materials proposed.
  • Allows the authors to get acquainted with the material prepared for publication, and makes, if possible, changes related to its design requested by them.  
  • Publishes an electronic, and a corresponding paper issue of the journal.
  • Provides each of the authors, as well as the International Editorial Board with a paper issue of the journal to which they are entitled.
  • Assists the authors of the issue by advising them about problems arising in the course of work.
  • Assists the editorial board in designing projects for the development of the journal, as well as the process the issue indexation.  


II. Procedures in the event of unethical behaviour
  1. Identifying unethical behaviour
  • Unscrupulous and unethical behaviour can be identified and brought to the attention of the editorial board or the publisher by anyone at any time.
  • Anyone who has informed the editorial board or the publisher about this kind of behaviour should provide sufficient information and evidence to launch an inquiry.
  1. Inquiry
  • The initial decision to examine and identify unethical behaviour should be made by the editorial board which can consult with or seek advice from the publisher if that is expedient.  
  • Evidence should be collected, avoiding the circulation of accusations except those that should be known. 
  • The editorial board, after consultations with those affected, or the competent bodies, decides on the degree of infringement.
  1. Subsequent actions on the part of the editorial board of the Pedagogical Almanac journal (based on the ascending seriousness of the infringement) 
  • Informing the author if the infringement cannot be overcome by the required adequate actions in the course of the process of work.
  • Official withdrawal of the publication from the journal, accompanied by information to the author, with a copy to the head of the department/faculty of the author or the financing institution.  
  • Publication of an editorial in a new issue, providing information about unscrupulousness if the transgression has been discovered after the publication of the material. 
  • Imposing an official ban on the author being published in the journal for a certain period of time.



No-one else is permitted to use or reproduce someone else’s work in any way without the express permission of the creator or their representative. This applies to any reproduction of a work, whether found in print or online.


Assignation of rights

The authors publishing in Pedagogical Almanac are concede copyright to the Publisher.  The author is allowed to disseminate their work on other platforms, but are restricted from simultaneous publication with another publisher for a period of 1 year, especially if it is a new publication. The Pedagogical Almanac has got license type: CC BY-NC-ND /Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs. The journal Pedagogical Almanac does not have any article processing or submission charges for authors.

The journal is an open access publication.

This Code of Ethics was adopted by the members of the International Editorial Board of the Pedagogical Almanac journal, and ratified at a meeting of the Faculty Council of the Faculty of Education at St. Cyril and St. Methodius University of Veliko Turnovo.  Effective from the 4-th of March 2020.