Journal Pedagogical Almanac

Code of Ethics





          The following ethical rules apply in the relations between the International Editorial Board of Pedagogical Almanac and its authors, as well as between the International Editorial Board and members of the Board of Anonymous and Independent Reviewers, engaged in examining the papers submitted for publishing.

          The purpose of these rules is to ensure compliance with the highest ethical standards adopted by the national and international scientific communities.


1. Ethical expectations  

Editors’ responsibilities

  • The Editor-in-Chief or authorised member of the International Editorial Board assigns to two members of the Board of Anonymous and Independent Reviewers the evaluation of each submitted for publication article. Each reviewer has to sign a declaration that he or she is in no conflict of interest with the authors and is not biased towards their scientific qualities.
  • The International Editorial Board will not publish papers which contain attacks or disrespectful tone towards the work of other authors. Disagreements should be made through in-depth scientific arguments and in compliance with the highest standards to protect the reputation of the authors.
  • Articles which deviate from the principles of scientific integrity and display clearly biased political positions will not be published.
  • The International Editorial Board will not publish papers which deviate both in their conclusions and tone with the fundamental values of the Constitution of the Republic of Bulgaria.
  • If the Editor-in-Chief or a member of the International Editorial Board finds that the submitted work does not meet the minimum requirements for scientific contribution, he has to justify his position in writing. The publication is returned to the author to correct deficiencies or for a major reworking.
  • The International Editorial Board approves for publication in paper and electronic version only those articles, which have received unambiguously positive assessments by two members to the Board of Anonymous and Independent Reviewers, who are involved in the evaluation procedure of the articles.
  • The Editor-in-Chief may assign additional evaluations on the originality and scientific value of the publication, if an author has made a written objection detailing arguments for its merits.
  • The International Editorial Board does not provide to third-parties information for unpublished works.
  • The International Editorial Board discusses all reports of violation of these ethical rules in published articles. It can require from the authors written explanations about each case. If the International Editorial Board considers that the work has been published in violation of these ethical rules, it will publish an apology to the readers in the next issue.
  • The International Editorial Board adopts and follows reasonable procedures in the event of complaints of an ethical or conflict nature, in accordance with the policies and procedures of the Society where appropriate. It gives authors a reasonable opportunity to respond to any complaints. All complaints are to be investigated no matter when the original publication was approved. Documentation associated with any such complaints has to be retained.


Reviewers’ responsibilities

  • To contribute to the decision-making process.
  • To assist in improving the quality of the published paper by reviewing the manuscript objectively, in a timely manner.
  • To maintain the confidentiality of any information supplied by the editor or author and not retain or copy the manuscript.
  • To alert the editor to any published or submitted content that is substantially similar to that under review.
  • To be aware of any potential conflicts of interest (financial, institutional, collaborative or other relationships between the reviewer and author) and to alert the editor to these, if necessary withdrawing their services for that manuscript.


Authors’ responsibilities

  • To submit original, independent scientific developments or co-authored ones with clear division of responsibilities and contributions of the creative team and to acknowledge and cite content reproduced from other sources.
  • If it is needed to obtain permission to reproduce any content from other sources.
  • To submit manuscripts written with respect to the scientific achievements of the cited authors.
  • To follow the standards adopted by Pedagogical Almanac in terms of citations and references, which constitute an annex to these ethical rules.
  • To confirm that the manuscript as submitted is not under consideration or accepted for publication elsewhere. Where portions of the content overlap with published or submitted content, to acknowledge and cite those sources. Additionally, to provide the editor with a copy of any submitted manuscript that might contain overlapping or closely related content.
  • To accompany the publication by a written author’s statement that the article complies with these ethical rules and can be published in the paper and in the online edition of the journal.
  • To maintain accurate records of data associated with their submitted manuscript, and to supply or provide access to these data, on reasonable request. Where appropriate and where allowed by employer, funding body and others who might have an interest, to deposit data in a suitable repository or storage location, for sharing and further use by others.
  • To declare any potential conflicts of interest (e.g. where the author has a competing interest (real or apparent) that could be considered or viewed as exerting an undue influence on his or her duties at any stage during the publication process).
  • To notify promptly the journal editor or publisher if a significant error in their publication is identified. To cooperate with the editor and publisher to publish an erratum, addendum, corrigendum notice, or to retract the paper, where this is deemed necessary.
  • Each author has the right to withdraw submitted for publication work one month at the latest after the date of the sending of the article to the magazines’ editors.
  • The authors of Pedagogical Almanac journal should declare that they will keep the ethical rules. The declaration to the Editor-in-Chief can get downloaded from here.


Publisher or Institution responsibilities

  • Both University Publishing House and the Universities on behalf of which it publishes should ensure that good practice is maintained to the standards outlined above.
  • For other university-owned journals, more detailed ethical procedures will be set out and brought to the attention of journal editors and editorial boards.
  • For other institution-owned journals, the institution should provide assurance that it subscribes to the principles outlined above, or to substantially similar principles, either adopting these formally or producing its own for the attention of its editors and editorial boards.


2. Procedures for dealing with unethical behaviour

Identification of unethical behaviour

  • Misconduct and unethical behaviour may be identified and brought to the attention of the editor and publisher at any time, by anyone.
  • Misconduct and unethical behaviour may include, but need not be limited to, examples as outlined above.
  • Whoever informs the editor or publisher of such conduct should provide sufficient information and evidence in order for an investigation to be initiated.
  • All allegations should be taken seriously and treated in the same way, until a successful decision or conclusion is reached.



  • An initial decision should be taken by the editor, who should consult with or seek advice from the publisher, if appropriate.
  • Evidence should be gathered, while avoiding spreading any allegations beyond those who need to know.


Minor breaches

  • Minor misconduct might be dealt with without the need to consult more widely. In any event, the author should be given the opportunity to respond to any allegations.


Serious breaches

  • Serious misconduct might require that the employers of the accused be notified. The editor, in consultation with the publisher or Society as appropriate, should make the decision whether or not to involve the employers, either by examining the available evidence themselves or by further consultation with a limited number of experts.


Outcomes (in increasing order of severity; may be applied separately or in conjunction)

  • Informing or educating the author or reviewer where there appears to be a misunderstanding or misapplication of acceptable standards.
  • A more strongly worded letter to the author or reviewer covering the misconduct and as a warning to future behaviour.
  • Publication of a formal notice detailing the misconduct.
  • Publication of an editorial detailing the misconduct.
  • A formal letter to the head of the author's or reviewer's department or funding institution.
  • Formal retraction or withdrawal of a publication from the journal, in conjunction with informing the head of the author or reviewer's department, Abstracting & Indexing services and the readership of the publication.
  • Imposition of a formal embargo on contributions from an individual for a defined period.
  • Reporting the case and outcome to a professional organisation or higher authority for further investigation and action.


These ethical rules are adopted by members of the International Editorial Board of Pedagocial Almanac and are approved at a meeting of the Council of the Pedagogical Faculty at the St. Cyril and St. Methodius University of Veliko Tarnovo.