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“ST. CYRIL AND ST. METHODIUS” UNIVERSITY OF VELIKO TARNOVO - UNIVERSITY PRESS

Perceived Paternal Acceptance–Rejection among Female Survivors of Domestic Violence


Authors:
Nadia Koltcheva New Bulgarian University
Petya Milcheva Tavistock Centre, UK

Pages: 180-200
DOI: https://doi.org/10.54664/KPKR6185

Abstract:

This study examines the relationship between perceived paternal acceptance–rejection in childhood and the tendency to engage in abusive relationships in female adults. The sample consisted of 60 adult females aged 23–58 (M=37.95; SD=8.102): 30 survivors of domestic violence and 30 randomly selected participants. The data were collected through self-assessment questionnaires: (1) Adult Parental Acceptance–Rejection Questionnaire/Control (mother and father versions); and (2) Adult Personality Assessment Questionnaire. The results show that perceived paternal and maternal rejection in childhood is significantly higher in female survivors of domestic violence than in the control group. The female victims also perceived their fathers as significantly more rejecting than their mothers. The level of psychological adjustment correlates positively with the perceived acceptance by both parents. The results are discussed within the framework of IPARTheory.

Keywords:

IPARTheory; perceived paternal acceptance–rejection; abusive relationships; PARQ/C; PAQ.

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