Diogenes
“ST. CYRIL AND ST. METHODIUS” UNIVERSITY OF VELIKO TARNOVO - UNIVERSITY PRESS

The Process of Deinstitutinalization of the Residential Child Care Institutions (Orphanages)


Authors:
Ivan Stoyanov St. Cyril and St. Methodius University of Veliko Tarnovo, Bulgaria

Pages: 258-270

Abstract:

It is considered that the child care reform in Bulgaria has started in 1991, when the country ratified the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child. In reality however this reform has actually started about ten years later, following a rather critical report of the UN Committee on the Rights of the Child (CRC). The purpose of the reform may be defined as a change of the stereotyped approach towards identification of the need of children at risk and the collectively organized method of work for individualization and placing the best interest of every child in the core of the social intervention. Considering the current tendencies in Europe, in Bulgaria the alternative services for children in risk may also be differentiated into two main groups: services in support of the family and services that substitute the family.

Keywords:

deinstitutionalization; change; children; social services; needs; individual approach; quality care; protection measures; family.

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