Philosophical and Theological Aspects of the Anthropological Turn: the Russian Case


Nina Dimitrova

Abstract:

The study is focused on the ideas of Russian religious anthropology, on Vladimir Solovyov’s visions about the Godmanhood and its profound impact on twentieth-century Russian thought. The author emphasizes Nikolai Berdyaev’s and Simon Frank’s contribution in this respect. Russian philosophers were opposed to the idea of a brutal God; they insisted on being related to Him. The author presents their meaning according to which the problem of man can be integrally posited and resolved only in the light of the idea of Godmanhood – an idea that is alien to Western theology.

Keywords:

anthropological turn, anonymous Christianity, Russian religious philosophy, Vladimir Solovyov’s conception of the Godmanhood, Nikolai Berdyaev and Simon Frank’s views of creativity, a transcendent God, a suffering God, Christian humanism

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