Bone Industry from the Late Neolithic Site Hotnisa–Orlovka


Hristina Markova

Abstract:

The worked bones from the Late Neolithic site Hotnitsa–Orlovka provide information about production and use of bone objects from Central North Bulgaria in this period. The domesticated animals are the main source of the bone industry (mainly large ungulates like Bos taurus and smaller mammals like ovis/capra). The ancient inhabitants of Hotnitsa–Orlovka prefered the longitudinally split long bones (mainly metapodium) and flat bones (ribs). The finishing of the bone objects is produced by abrision with sandstones. It is observed that some of the types have productive standardization which was planned specifically so that the use of unnecessary labor and the throwing away of raw material are avoided. This in turn leads to the thought of specialized bone industry. Despite the lack on stratigraphy posiotion of the artefacts, paralels can be drawn between the general characteristics of the findings from Hotnitsa– Orlovka and a number of other Late Neolithic sites from the Balkans.

Keywords:

Bone industry; Bone technologies; Hotnitsa–Orlovka; Late Neolithic; Northern Bulgaria.

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