Societas Classica

История на обучението по латински език

Пепа Лунгарова Медицински университет – Плевен, България

Страници: 60-73


The article describes stages in teaching Latin from ancient to modern times. The first grammatical treatises by Hellenistic Alexandrian scholars were taught. In ancient Rome, between the 3rd century BC to 6th century AD, the focus was on grammar and rhetoric skills. In the Middle Ages, teaching grammar constituted the major part of the trivium and the Liberal arts. The goal of teaching Latin was to prepare students for a career both in secular and theological studies. Latin acquired the role of a Lingua Franca in Europe. It was the dominant language in the field of education, science, religion, law, trading, administration till the end of the 16th century. During the Renaissance period, it was gradually replaced by French, German and English, and the comparative historical method in teaching Latin and science was applied. In Europe, the introduction of Classical Language Studies in 18 – 19th century laid the scientific foundations of the teaching of Latin and Latin grammar. These foundations served as a pattern in writing the grammar books of contemporary languages till the end of the 19th century. The article represents the development of teaching Latin in Bulgaria and the traditional grammar/translation methods, whose main objective is the analysis and translation of original texts.

Ключови думи:

Hellenistic scholars; Roman grammarians; traditional methods.


130 изтегляния от 30.6.2023 г.