Феноменът „РЕФЛЕКСИЯ“ в педагогическите интерпретации


Мариана Марусинец

Резюме:

The article presents the phenomenology of “reflection” in pedagogical science, starting from the second half of the XIXth century. Scientists understood the subject and object of this phenomenon in a different way, as: a mechanism to be aware of pedagogical activities; a means enhancing pedagogical influence on learning; a resource for pedagogical skill mastering, or for pedagogical theory development. The main directions of researches on reflection and its types are determined. The role of reflection in education, for formation and development of pedagogical professionals is revealed; it means teachers’ ability to imagine vision of a situation from students’ point of view and on this basis to clarify perceptions of themselves as educators, to adjust own behaviour and work “through the eyes of others”, to comprehend own actions through perception of others with own perceptive-reflexive abilities; to make self-analysis of own professional work; to use self-reflection and identify own attitudes towards themselves, own actions and behaviour in general.

Ключови думи:

reflection, pedagogical work, personality of a pedagogue, directions and approaches of researches on reflection in pedagogy.

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